We move to stanza four in this history series
Hemingway, Eichmann, “Stranger in a Strange Land”
Dylan, Berlin, Bay of Pigs Invasion
“Lawrence of Arabia”, British Beatlemania
Ole Miss, John Glenn, Liston beats Patterson
Pope Paul, Malcolm X, British politician sex
JFK, blown away, what else do I have to say
The period is 1960 – 1963
Ernest Miller Hemingway, part of the group called “The Lost Generation” and author of classics like “A Farewell to Arms“, “For whom the Bell tolls” and “The Old Man and the Sea“. He won the Pulitzer Prize in 1953, Nobel Prize in 1954 and dies in 1961.
Adolf Eichmann, referred to as the “Chief Executioner” of the Third Reich was captured by the Mossad in Argentina in 1960 and tried in Israel for crimes against humanity and the Jewish people. His hanging is the first and last civil execution in Israel.
Stranger in a Strange Land: Bestseller
Stranger in a Strange Land is a bestselling science fiction novel by Robert Heinlein first published in 1962. The story is about a man born and raised by Martians who comes to Earth, a extra terrestrial version of Mowgli and Tarzan. The name of the title comes the Bible. In the Exodus, when Moses is forced to flee, he says “And she [Zippo’rah] bare him a son, and he called his name Gershom: for he said, I have been a stranger in a strange land.”
No explanations required
Capital of Divided Germany, Berlin was the centre of the Cold War with the Berlin Wall being built in 1961.
Bay of Pigs Invasion: Event
A big fiasco when 1500 Cuban exiles funded and trained by the CIA under the sponsorship of Kennedy invaded Cuba in April 1961. Within four days, 90 exiles were dead and the remaining were captured, tried and sentenced to 30 years imprisonment. The top brass of CIA including Allen Dulles were sacked.
Lawrence of Arabia: Movie
David Lean’s classic starring Peter O’Toole and Omar Sharif released in December 1962. Nominated for ten Academy Awards, finally picked up seven including Best Picture and Best Director. In the entire film, there are no dialogues spoken by women. Peter O’Toole lost the Best Actor award to Gregory Peck in To Kill a Mockingbird
British Beatlemania: Fad
No explanations required
Ole Miss: Institution
Ole Miss is the name given to the University of Mississippi. It has the largest archive of Blues music as well as the only place in the US legally allowed to grow cannabis.Ole Miss had always been a “whites only” institution. It became a major site of the Civil Rights movement. In 1962, James Meredith, a black was denied admission. He filed a lawsuit which he won but it was overturned by the Governor repeatedly. Finally, the Court of Appeals held the University and the Governor in contempt and ordered US Marshals to escort Meredith into the University. The US Marshals had to face off with rioting white students. Kennedy had to send the Army to quell the uprising. James Meredith finally began classes at Ole Miss.
John Glenn: Personality
John Glenn became the first American to orbit the earth when he flew into space aboard Friendship 7 in 1962. He later became a senator and in 1998, at the age of 77, flew into space again on board Discovery to become the oldest astronaut.
Liston beats Patterson: Event
In 1962, Liston took on Floyd Patterson in Chicago to become the heavyweight champion of the world. The bout was over in the first round with a knockout. A rematch in 1963 had the same result. Liston went on the meet Cassius Clay in 1964 where he was knocked out in the seventh round.
Pope Paul: Personality
Giovanni Montini was elected the pope in 1963. He took the name Pope Paul IV. His biggest legacy was the condemnation of birth control and contraceptives, a view that Pope John Paul II continued to expound.
Malcolm X: Personality
In 1963, when speaking on the Kennedy assassination, he said “chickens had come to roost” and it was something that made him glad. In the ensuing public outcry, Malcolm X was virtually a persona non grata.
British Politicians Sex: Event
John Profumo, Secretary of State for War, lied in the House of Commons about his relationship with Christine Keeler. After further revelations including the fact the Ms. Keeler had relationships with a Soviet attache (triggering rumours of a possible KGB operation), Profumo resigned claiming responsibility for misleading the House.
JFK Blown Away: Event
As Billy Joel says, what else do I have to say.
One more stanza to go. Next week