Continuing with the history lesson, the second stanza and what it all means.

Josef Stalin, Malenkov, Nasser and Prokofiev

Rockefeller, Campanella, Communist Bloc

Roy Cohn, Juan Peron, Toscanini, dacron

Dien Bien Phu and “Rock Around the Clock”

Einstein, James Dean, Brooklyn’s got a winning team

Davy Crockett, “Peter Pan”, Elvis Presley, Disneyland

Bardot, Budapest, Alabama, Khrushchev

Princess Grace, “Peyton Place”, trouble in the Suez

Josef Stalin: Personality

Soviet Dictator (1879 – 1953)

Defined the extreme limits of paranoia by eliminating opponents at the slightest of suspiciion. Hero for some, hated by many, including many of his party members.

Malenkov: Personality

Soviet Leader (1902 – 1988)

Close associate of Stalin, took over the leadership of the Soviet state after the death of Stalin.

Nasser: Personality

President of Egypt

Gamal Abdel Nasser (1918 – 1970), second president of Egypt and one of most important Arab leaders of all time. Led a coup against King Farouk in 1952 and then deposed the president Muhammad Naguib in 1954.

Prokofiev: Personality

Ukrainian Composer

Sergei Prokofiev (1891 – 1953) was one of the greatest composers of Russia with operas based on works by Dosteoksky and Tolstoy including War and Peace.

Rockefeller: Personality

American dynasty

Founded by John D Rockefeller and his brother William Rockefeller in the late nineteenth century, made their fortune with oil. Over the years, family members have served at important government posts including Governors and Vice-Presidents.

Campanella: Personality

US Baseball star

Roy Campanella (1921 – 1993) played for the Brooklyn Dodgers between 1948 to 1957, was voted MVP thrice in this period.

Communist Bloc: Event

The Warsaw Pact, a Soviet initiative in response to the NATO was signed in 1955.

Roy Cohn: Personality

US lawyer

Roy Marcus Cohn (1927 – 1986) was an American lawyer who worked with McCarthy during the anti-communist investigations in the 50s

Juan Peron: Personality

Argentinian Dictator

Juan Domingo Peron Sosa (1895 – 1974) became the president for the first time in 1946. Known for his fascist tendencies, he gave sanctuary to fleeing Nazi and Mussolini supporters. Overthrown in 1955 in a coup, he was reelected in 1973. In 1974 after his death, was succeeded by his second wife Isabel Peron. His first five Eva Peron died in 1952.

Toscanini: Personality

Italian conductor

Arturo Toscanini (18767 – 1957) was considered as one of the greatest conductors of the time. Worked with the New York Philharmonic and at the Salzburg Festival.

Dacron: Material

Trademark for a type of polyester used in making special yarn for boat sails, garments and sportswear.

Dien Bien Phu Falls: Place

A small town in north west Vietnam, site of the 1954 war between the Vietminh and the French which saw the French retreating from South East Asia (French Indo-China)

Rock Around the Clock: Entertainment

1953 song recorded by Bill Haley and the Comets which put rock and roll on the world map. It’s popularity was boosted when it was featured in the opening title sequence of Blackboard Jungle in 1955.

Einstein: Personality

Austrian-US scientist

Albert Einstein, the greatest scientist since Sir Isaac Newton died in 1955.

James Dean: Personality

US Actor

His first film was East of Eden while his two other films Rebel with out Cause and Giant were released after his death in 1955. Dean died in a road accident when his Porsche 550 Spyder was hit by an oncoming car of Donald Turnupspeed.

Brooklyn’s got a winning team: Event

The Brooklyn Dodgers baseball team reached the World Series on five occassions between 1941 and 1953 without winning. They finally won in 1955. In 1958, the team shifted base to Los Angeles and renamed themselves and LA Dodgers. It is currently owned by Rupert Murdoch’s News Corporation.

Davy Crockett: Personality

American Hero

Davy Crockett was a hero in the late 18th and early 19th century. He died while fighting in the Battle of the Alamo. In the 1950s, Walt Disney launched four films on Davy Crockett with accompanying merchandise (Disney style) which became a rage with the kids.

Peter Pan: Entertainment

In 1953, Disney released Peter Pan, an animated feature with Tinker Bell modeled on Marilyn Monroe.

Elvis Presley: Personality

US Rock and Roll Icon

The first single commercially released which also became a hit, “That’s All Right” in 1954

Disneyland: Place

In order to popularise the concept of Disneyland, Walt Disney ran a programme called Disneyland creating a new world called the Magic Kingdom on ABC. This helped raise money for the project

Bardot: Personality

French sex symbol

Bridgitte Bardot (1934) made her debut in 1953 and became a leading sex icon in the 50s and 60s. Later, she took up the cause of animal rights with activism against fur and animal skin based garments.

Budapest: Place

Capital of Hungary, scene of a Soviet tank invasion in 1956 to curb pro-democracy activists.

Alabama: Place

Southern state in the United States, scene of some of the most violent anti-Negro pogroms and home of the KKK

Khrushchev: Personality

Soviet Premier

Nikita Krushchev (1894 – 1971) succeeded Malenkov in 1955 and proceeded to shake USSR out of the shadow cast by Stalin. Drafted the Warsaw Pact, sparred with Kennedy during the Bay of Pigs invasion,

Princess Grace: Personality

US Actress, later Princess of Monaco

Grace Kelly (1929 – 1982) had a short film career between 1951-1956 which included films like Mogambo, High Noon, Dail M for Murder and Rear Window. In 1956, she married Prince Rainier of Monaco and gave up acting. She died in an automobile accident in the mountains of Monaco.

Peyton Place: Literature

1956 novel by Grace Metalious was the first “blockbuster” in publishing selling 60,000 copies in the first ten days and stayed on the New York Times best seller list for 59 weeks.

Trouble in the Suez: Event

The Suez Canal war was planned by Israel, Britain and France with Israel invading into Sinai followed by support from Britain and France in the form of intervention. Nasser of Egypt refused to withdraw. While it was a military success, due to Soviet support of Egypt, the United States forced Britain and France to withdraw. The entire operation ended in 1957.

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